Learning Skills
- How to find your learning style
- Cognitive styles
- Psychological styles
- Social styles

2. Honey-Mamford's: Based on Kolb's model


The model of Honey-Mamford's is based on Kolb's model. By combining the two opposites directions in Kolb's model we get four quadrants of learning styles that form the Honey-Mamford's model (figure 1). As a result we have the following styles.
  • Activists:"Here, let me do that"
    They are dynamic, intuitive people. They are learning through, new experiences, opportunities, active experimentation. They start with what they see, hear, touch, and feel and then they plunge in and take immediate action. They can be perfectly fit in "here and now" activities. They also like to learn through interaction with the others. On the contrary, they do not like passive learning, theory, precise instruction, repetitive activities, assimilation of "messy" data, lack of interaction with other learners.
    How to learn:
    • If you undertake a procedure, review the general principles of the lecture's notes and write an action plan about applying these general principles to the job.
    • If you want assimilate more a subject, try to find sources with audio-visual information about it. For example, video, film, web sites, CD-ROM.
  • Theorists:"Yes, but how do you justify it? "
    They are theoretical, analytic, thinkers and watchers, who perceive the experiences in an abstract way and integrate them into concepts. They like to examine and develop theories. They develop an idea by playing with it and watching it in different shapes. They are particularly interested in analyzing and generalizing the reasons for success and failure by using questions, assumptions and logic. Finally they like to examine alternative methods in depth. They do not like the unstructured learning. They are not interested to learn shallow subjects that do not have an apparent purpose, and content. Practicality is less important for them than a good logical explanation.
    How to learn:
    • If you want to create a theory from experience, keep a record of observations, and events, during the procedure. In this way you will have a general idea and you will make assumptions and conclusions easily.
  • Pragmatists:"So long as it works"
    They are thinkers and doers. They are practical and common sense people. Who perceive the experiences abstractly, and then process them actively. They develop an idea and then they are experimenting and testing it to see if it works. They are capable of finding all the possible methods and techniques with which a theory may be applied and solve a real problem. As a result, they usually like the methods that have practical advantages. Finally, they like to learn with simulating learning methods and the type of learning material that has a practical scope. They do not like to learn without a sufficient reward, and without practice or guidelines and they prefer to study alone.
    How to learn:
    • If you want to improve your practice techniques even more, ask for coaching and feedback from a credible expert or professional.
    • If you want to see how theory may be applied in a real problem, find a job along with your studies.
    • If you want to see the link between the subject matter and the real problem, study some case studies along with your theory, and use simulating systems.
  • Reflectors:"I need time to consider that"
    They are imaginative feelers, and watchers who perceive the information or experience concretely and they process it reflectively. They start with what they see, and then they generalize and analyze it. They like to watch and think over the activities. They do not like to get precise instruction during the learning process, and learn according to a particular plan.
    How to learn:
    • If you want to assimilate a subject, review the theory several times.
    • If you want to improve the way you observe, create an observation checklist with the things that you should look out for an experiential activity.


University of Westminster
Feedback About